Travel with Pavel

Holy Fire
On the

background of political conflict was created the legend of the supernatural Holy Fire that led so many pilgrims to Jerusalem, in particular from Russia. "According to eyewitnesses, during the last fifty years before the time of the going down of the Greek patriarch and Armenian archimandrite there lamp was lit"

Descent of the Holy Fire in the temple of the Holy Sepulchre in 2013
Live Broadcast from Jerusalem 04.05.2013 Once a year, on the eve of the Orthodox Easter, Holy Saturday, almost two thousand years in Jerusalem, the Holy Fire descends. Look at this miracle gather each year tens of thousands of people from around the world.

Israel 2012

Tel-Aviv Jaffa Jerusalem Jerusalem Old city Temple Mount
Betlehem Massada Dead Sea Kinneret Nazareth
Rosh_HaNikra Acco Caesarea Haifa Haifa
Rosh HaNikra Grottoes, Israel

Rosh HaNikra
"head of the grottos" is a geologic formation, located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, at the border with Lebanon. It is a white chalk cliff face which opens up into spectacular grottos. The Rosh HaNikra grottos are cavernous tunnels formed by sea action on the soft chalk rock. The total length is some 200 meters.

Rosh HaNikra Grottoes, Israel

Old City of Acre (1900BC)
Located at the northern extremity of Haifa Bay. Is a historic walled port-city with continuous settlement from the Phoenician period. The present city is characteristic of a fortified town dating from the Ottoman 18th and 19th centuries, with typical urban components such as the citadel, mosques, khans and baths.

Samaritans in Palestine

Samaritans organization The Samaritans, who live in Nablus on Mount Jerizime, have been in this country for over 2,600 years. They have their own culture, civilization, language, heritage and religion. Many Palestinians know little about them though they live in close proximity to each other. The Samaritans have existed in Palestine since the days of the prophet Moses.

Samartians Samaritans exceeded one million two thousand people in the years 400 to 500 AD. They lived in several places in the Holy Land, extending from the southern part Syria to the northern part of Egypt. The people of Nablus called them Samaritans. The Samaritans themselves say their name is "Shomerim", Hebrew word that means – "observers", that is, observers of the bible of Prophet Moses. The Samaritan language is ancient Hebrew, the language used in the first millennium AD.

Currently there are approximately 570 Samaritans, male and female, who live in two areas in Palestine: Mount Jerizime, in Nablus, and Holon city. They descended from the two Israelite tribes of Levi and Joseph. Mount Jerizime (the blessed mountain) is the side of their ancient holy temple and their central place of worship.
The Samaritans have what could be the old document in the world in the form of a bible that was whiten in ancient Samaritans characters on lambskin, 13 years after the death of Moses, over 3,634 years ago. It is a well-preserved international treasure and only used on important occasions. This ancient Bible comprises the five books of Moses of the Old Testament. Samaritans children learn the ancient Hebrew language before going to school with the help of their parents and their friends. They also practice it at home to help them master it. In addition, Samaritans speak Arabic fluently, which they learn while attending Palestinian school.Samaritans

By 1917, the number of the Samaritans was reduced to 146 because of the persecution against them during the First World War. Beginning in 1930s, however, all aspects of their life gradually began to improve. Without losing any of their unity, and while maintaining their religion, history, culture, civilization, and doctrine, Samaritans have integrated into public posts, and many of them are successful businessmen in Nablus and Holon.

Basic Elements of the Samaritans Religion
Samaritans are the most ancient sect in the world and believe that they are the only true representatives of the ancient children of Israel. The Samaritans religion is based on the following five elements:
• The unity of the one and only God.
• One prophet : Moses the son of Umram.
• One Holy Book: the ancient Bible that comprises the books of Moses (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy).
• One Holy Place: Mount Jerizime in Nablus.
• The eternal joy: the day of reward and punishment.
Samaritans Easter
The Festivals
The Samaritans celebrate only the seven festivals that are mentioned in their bible:
1. The Easter (Passover), during which the Samaritans sacrifices on Jerizime Mountain.
2. Al-fitr festival, which commemorates their expulsion from Egypt
3. The harvest of the seven weeks, which commemorates the bible being givien to the propht Moses 4. The Hebrew New Year, which marks the seven Hebrew months.
5. The great day of fasting, which is tenth day of the seventh month.
6. The festival of Tabernacles, on the fifteenth day of the seventh months, which commemorates the protection of the sons of Israel when they left Egypt and the abundance of delicious fruits they were given.
7. The festival of the eighth day (after tabernacles).Samaritans

Pilgrimages are also an important part of the Samaritans faith. Three times a year, Samaritan faith. Three times a year, Samaritans are required to make pilgrimages to their Holy Sites.Samaritans
In addition, all Samaritans, even the elderly and infants, are committed to the doctrine of fasting. The Samaritans high priest's family belongs to the Haron family, descended from Moses brother. This family is usually entrusted with performing the religious rites. The high priest is the oldest man in the Haron family.